Coffee is the seed of a fruit of a small evergreen tree or bush
which grows in tropical countries.
The tree produces fruit after three to five years and will continue
to bear fruit for between fifty and sixty years. The fruit, which
looks a little like a cherry, contains two berries or seeds these
are the coffee beans, although there are varieties which produce
only one seed called a ‘peaberry’.
After the fruit is picked it is allowed to ferment and then the
seeds are removed from the pulp. However, the flavor and aroma
of a coffee will depend on a number of factors including the variety
of coffee tree, the soil and climate in which it is grown, how
mature the fruit is when picked and how long the coffee is roasted.
In addition, it is worth noting that a brand of coffee may in
fact be made from several different varieties of bean.