The word coffee comes from the Turkish word kahve which in turn
comes from the Arabic word qahwah which incidentally also means
wine. However the origin of coffee - although thought to have
originated from an Ethiopian province called Kaffa - continues
to be controversial.
Primarily grown in Java and Arabia these names in fact apply
to varieties of coffee and not the region in which they grow.
In addition the name Mocha coffee comes from the name of the port
where much of the coffee grown in Arabia was exported from.
The coffee crop first became popular in Arabia around the thirteenth
century; however coffee trees were not grown in India until sometime
after 1600. How coffee came to be grown in India is unclear but
it is thought it could be the result of fertile beans being smuggled
into the country. Coffee was not imported into England until about
1650; subsequently the first coffeehouses were opened in London
Today the main coffee producing countries are Brazil, Colombia,
Mexico, India, Indonesia and Vietnam, with Brazil and Colombia
producing 40% of the coffee produced worldwide, however, coffee
is also grown in many other countries.
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